Environmental Observer
The Associated General Contractors of America | Quality People. Quality Projects.
www.agc.orgJuly 3, 2014 / Issue No. 5-14
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On the Inside
TAKE ACTION: Tell Federal Regulators How Their Water Rule Affects Your Business
Recent Developments in the Regulation of Greenhouse Gas
Bottom Lines Up, Equipment Costs Down
EPA to Phase Out Use of Older Standard for Phase I Assessments
AGC Comments on EPA’s Scenario-Specific Approach to Identifying Lead Hazards in Buildings
Green Construction
AGC Presents Its Newest Toolkit: Environmental Management Programs and Systems
Green Rating Systems and Standards Blossomed During Spring 2014
News & Events
AGC Releases Stormwater Inspection Reports for Contractors Mobile App
SBA Increases Small Business Size Standards for Construction
AGC Hosts Third, Most Successful Contractors Environmental Conference
Registration Open for Construction HR & Training Professionals Conference
Find out the June Highlights from @AGCEnvironment: Your Twitter Resource for Compliance and Sustainability News from around the Web
TAKE ACTION: Tell Federal Regulators How Their Water Rule Affects Your Business
Comment on Massive Expansion of Federal Jurisdiction in ‘Waters of the U.S.’ Proposed Rule

Earlier this year, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) jointly released their notice of proposed rulemaking redefining “waters of the U.S.” under the Clean Water Act (CWA). The proposal asserts federal control over waters that were previously under the sole jurisdiction of the states, including many ditches, conveyances, isolated waters, and other wet features.  More projects will have to comply with federal permitting and other environmental requirements, increasing the time and cost of performing construction services.  AGC chapters and members are encouraged to use AGC’s template letter to submit written comments by Oct. 20 detailing how the new definition for this critical term will impact construction operations.

The agencies’ proposal expansively defines waters – claiming traditionally navigable waters, interstate/territorial waters, tributaries (including ditches), impoundments, adjacent waters (including waters in the floodplain or riparian areas), and “other waters” all as federally jurisdictional. The new “waters of the U.S.” definition would apply not just to Section 404 program (that requires dredge-and-fill discharge permits for any work in federal waters), but also to other Clean Water Act programs that incorporate the term  “waters of the U.S.,” most notably the Section 402 National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program (that requires Construction General Permits for stormwater runoff to federal waters), and the Section 311 Oil Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures Program (that requires spill plans if there’s a potential for a release to federal waters – plus spill response and reporting).

To this end, the proposal is likely to have a significant impact on construction operations across the country in the following ways:

  • The proposed rule would expand the number of ditches—roadside, flood channels and potentially others—that would fall under federal control. 
  • The proposed rule would impact the construction and maintenance of “green infrastructure” controls that most state and city governments are requiring, as a stormwater management tool to lessen flooding and protect water quality by using vegetation, soils and natural processes.
  • The proposed rule would effectively shift the burden to the regulated community to prove that any water-filled depressions created during the course of construction are not federal waters.  Old maps and aerial photos may be the only sources available to identify historic conditions in order to resolve third-party allegations of violations of federal CWA laws; however, these tools often lack the level of resolution required to make a proper determination.

Once a ditch, stormwater control feature, or any type of water-filled depression is identified as jurisdictional water, multiple permitting, reporting and spill prevention requirements will apply to any construction work in – and around – these areas.  These federal requirements are expensive, cumbersome, and time-consuming to meet, and leave the construction community vulnerable to penalties and citizen suits. What is more, a lot of land might not be buildable at all.

AGC is also extremely concerned with the process used to draft the proposal.  The economic analysis conducted by EPA seriously underestimates impacted acreage and completely ignores impacts to non-404 programs.  EPA also chose to not wait for a final peer review of their Connectivity Report, touted as the basis of the proposed rule, by the EPA’s own Science Advisory Board.   Recognizing that state and local governments are managing water resources not under federal control, it is unclear why the agencies rushed through these important procedural steps designed to ensure that construction companies are protected.

With the extension of the open comment period to Oct. 20, AGC encourages  members to use our template letter in the Regulatory Action Center to help craft their comments to EPA and the Corps on the agencies’ proposal.  Already, more than 200,000 comments have been submitted on the proposed rule – click here to see what others are saying.  Other information from the EPA on the proposal is here.

For more information, please contact Leah Pilconis at pilconisl@agc.org.  Return to Top

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