ARVO Insight - August 15, 2017
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IOVS editor's picks

Thomas Yorio picks his top articles from the July 2017 issue of IOVS.

Reliability and Repeatability of Cone Density Measurements in Patients With Stargardt Disease and RPGR-Associated Retinopathy
Preena Tanna; Melissa Kasilian; Rupert Strauss; James Tee; Angelos Kalitzeos; Sergey Tarima; Alexis Visotcky; Alfredo Dubra; Joseph Carroll; Michel Michaelides

An Ilomastat-CD Eye Drop Formulation to Treat Ocular Scarring
Abeer H. A. Mohamed-Ahmed; Alastair Lockwood; He Li; Maryse Bailly; Peng T. Khaw; Steve Brocchini

Inter-Relationship of Arterial Supply to Human Retina, Choroid, and Optic Nerve Head Using Micro Perfusion and Labeling
Paula K. Yu; Ian L. McAllister; William H. Morgan; Stephen J. Cringle; Dao-Yi Yu

JOV editor's picks

Dennis Levi chooses his top articles from the July 2017 issue of JOV.

Perception of object illumination depends on highlights and shadows, not shading
Susan F. te Pas; Sylvia C. Pont; Edwin S. Dalmaijer; Ignace T. C. Hooge

Saccadic eye movements do not disrupt the deployment of feature-based attention
Zampeta Kalogeropoulou; Martin Rolfs

Visual speed sensitivity in the drum corps color guard
Nestor Matthews; Leslie Welch; F. Daniel Coplin; Allison J. Murphy; Megan R. Puritz

TVST editor's picks

See Marco Zarbin's top picks from the July 2017 issue of TVST.

Neda Baniasadi; Mengyu Wang; Hui Wang; Mufeed Mahd; Tobias Elze
Manoj Pathak; Shaban Demirel; Stuart K. Gardiner
Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells are a Potential Reservoir for Ebola Virus in the Human Eye
Justine R. Smith; Shawn Todd; Liam M. Ashander; Theodosia Charitou; Yuefang Ma; Steven Yeh; Ian Crozier; Michael Z. Michael; Binoy Appukuttan; Keryn A. Williams; David J. Lynn; Glenn A. Marsh

5 tips to avoid publishing in predatory journals

Predatory journals exploit the open access publishing business model by charging publication fees to authors without providing the editorial and publishing services associated with legitimate journals.

The movement towards open access publishing brings significant advantages to readers who can freely access content at no cost from anywhere and to authors who have their work more widely disseminated. However, authors should beware of predatory publishers that set up open access journals in order to collect article processing charges without any concern for the quality of product they provide.

Tips on how to avoid predatory journals

  1. Make sure the journal has an established presence: Some predatory publishers collect for new journals that fail to materialize, or disappear after a short existence.  
  2. Check the reputation: Predatory publishers often adopt journal names and URLs that are similar to those of well-known journals.
  3. If in doubt, fact check: Well-known researchers may be listed as editors without their knowledge. Email them to ask if their connection is valid.
  4. Sample already published articles: In some cases it may be difficult to pinpoint any wrongdoing by the “publisher,” but standards of quality control are not strictly upheld. Read content that has previously been published and see if the editing is well done.
  5. Only publish in well-recognized open access journals — These include jouranls belonging to reputable publishers like ARVO, whose editors and staff strive to maintain high standards of operational ethics and article quality.

What is open access?

The Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license offers free immediate access to, and unrestricted reuse of, original works of all types.

Throughout the publishing world, the term "open access" has many meanings. For ARVO journals, open access means content is both freely available to read and also freely available to reuse. ARVO offers authors the option to select one of two Creative Commons licenses: CC BY-NC-ND (more restrictive) or CC BY (less restrictive).

The CC BY-NC-ND license permits "others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially." (Creative Commons website,

The CC BY license "lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation." Some funding agencies require this license in order to use grant funding for publication.(Creative Commons website,

Although only content published in ARVO journals in 2016 and later is fully open access, all journal content, including back content, is freely available to read. This free access allows for Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (IOVS), Journal of Vision (JOV) and Translational Vision Science and Technology (TVST) to be read without going through a library or institution like with subscription journals.

See the open access overview page on the journals site for more information.

TFOS releases Dry Eye Workshop report

The TFOS DEWS II report redefines dry eye and updates the classification and diagnosis of dry eye.

Dry eye diseases are a global problem, afflicting over 30 million people in the U.S. alone. These diseases are one of the most frequent causes of patient visits to eye care practitioners.
As part of its work on dry eye, the Tear Film and Ocular Surface Society (TFOS) has released the TFOS Dry Eye Workshop II (TFOS DEWS II) Report. In this first re-examination of the topic since the initial report issued in 2007, TFOS DEWS II updates the definition, classification and diagnosis of dry eye; critically evaluates the epidemiology, pathophysiology, mechanism and impact of the disease; addresses its management and therapy; and develops recommendations for the design of clinical trials to assess pharmaceutical interventions.

TFOS DEWS II highlights were presented at a July 12 Congressional Briefing entitled Dry Eye: An Updated Definition, A Greater Impact on Vision Health — co-hosted by TFOS and the Alliance for Eye and Vision Research (AEVR). 


Funding opportunity

Beckman-Argyros Award in Vision Research
Nomination deadline: Sept. 29

Beckman-Argyros Award in Vision Research
Nomination deadline: Sept. 29
The Beckman-Argyros Award in Vision Research rewards one individual annually who has made and is continuing to make significant transformative breakthroughs in vision research; particularly through the development of an innovative technology or fundamental scientific breakthrough that has been applied to, aided and/or improved the vision sciences. All applicants for the Award must be nominated. The Award consists of a research award of $400,000 to the Nominee’s laboratory and a personal award of $100,000 paid directly to the Nominee. Learn more.