The Monthly Newsletter of the IEEE Vehicular Technology Society—October 2017

 

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From IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine
Review: Unmanned-Aerial-Vehicular Networks for Small and Mini Drones
Jingjing Wang, Chunxiao Jiang, Zhu Han, Yong Ren, Robert G. Maunder, and Lajos Hanzo

UAVs are equipped with radio-communication devices and rely on unmanned autonomous flight-control programs, which have been actively developed around the world. Given their low cost, flexible maneuvering capability, and unmanned operation, UAVs have been widely used in both civilian operations and military missions, including aerial mapping, disaster rescue, agricultural irrigation, and military surveillance and attack.


Based on their cruise duration and action radius, UAVs can be categorized into the following four types.

  1. The high-altitude and long-endurance UAVs are applied in high-altitude reconnaissance, interception, and attack, as exemplified by the American Global Hawks and Predator UAVs and by the Israeli Commando UAVs.
  2. The medium-range UAVs, having an action radius between 700 and 1,000 km, are primarily designed for moderate-range reconnaissance and combat-effect assessment. The American Air Force D-21 UAVs and 350 UAVs are both typical medium-range representatives.
  3. The low-cost, short-range small UAVs have an action radius of fewer than 350 km and a takeoff weight of less than 50 kg, such as the British Phoenix, French Marthe, and Israeli Scout UAVs; their flight altitude is fewer than 3 km, and flight span is about four hours.
  4. The mini drones have a more limited cruising speed, ranging from 10 to 30 km/h and a cruising duration of no fewer than 30 min. The weight of mini drones is usually lower than 1 km. However, in the rest of this article, we focus our attention on both the lower-cost and lower-velocity small or mini drones.

Although UAVs have indeed matured, the proliferation of small- or mini-drone application scenarios and the sophistication of their functionality can only be exploited with the aid of multi-UAV cooperation, networking, communication, and coordinated control. Furthermore, ad hoc networking, task assignment, and dynamic negotiation among cooperating drones are also beneficial in terms of extending the UAV functionalities and their coverage and increasing their efficiency.

Relying on the association of UAVs voluntarily joining to meet their common goals through a jointly owned and democratically controlled unit, the concept of the cooperative multi-UAV system is proposed, which contains the sensor unit, the communication unit, and the information processing unit.

However, the challenge is that the movement of UAVs leads to time-variant network topologies and to frequent link outages. Additionally, the agile flight states (i.e., the yaw, pitch, or roll angles) impose grave performance erosion and are a substantial waste of communication resources and energy. These practical issues motivated us to conceive this article on the cooperation and collaboration of multi-UAV networks.

This article begins with a detailed survey of the multi-UAV networking technologies and the protocol architecture. Moreover, we investigate two critical issues of the cooperative distributed UAV networks, namely, distributed gateway-selection algorithms and the stability-control regimes. Specifically, acting as cluster heads, the gateways constitute the bottleneck and limit the network's reliable connectivity and stability.

Finally, as our original contributions, an efficient gateway-selection mechanism and a cloud-based stability-control regime for cooperative small- or mini-drone-based UAV networks are introduced, complemented by a range of open challenges.

Full article: IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, Volume 12, Number 3, September 2017

 

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In This Issue
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Society
Message from the EiC
VTS Awards for 2017 (for presentation at VTC2017-Fall and VPPC 2017)
IEEE VTC2017-Fall Conference Best Paper Awards
VTS Chapter Profile IEEE Malaysia ComSoc/VTS Joint Chapter
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From the IEEE VTS Resource Center
Lectures on Energetic Efficiency of Connected Vehicles, and Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Fundamentals
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From IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine
Review: Unmanned-Aerial-Vehicular Networks for Small and Mini Drones
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Connected Vehicles
Continued Dispute on Preferred Vehicle-to-Vehicle Technologies
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Mobile Radio
Fifth-Generation Technology Offers Trillion-Dollar Business Opportunities
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Transportation Systems
Bay Area Rapid Transit Extension South on the East Bay
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Conference Preview
IEEE VPPC 2017
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Conference Call
IEEE VTC2018-Spring in Porto
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Editor-in-Chief

Abbas Jamalipour

 
 
 
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