From the IEEE Open Journal of Vehicular Technology
Capacity Planning of PEV Charging Infrastructure
A. Abdalrahman and W. Zhuang

Full title: QoS-Aware Capacity Planning of Networked PEV Charging Infrastructure

Plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging infrastructure is necessary to accommodate the rapid increase in PEV penetration rate. Capacity planning of PEV charging infrastructure (EVCI) must ensure not only a satisfactory charging service for PEV users but also a reliable operation of the power grid.

In this paper, we propose a quality-of-service (QoS) aware capacity planning of EVCI. In particular, the proposed framework accounts for the link between the charging QoS and the power distribution network (PDN) capability.

Towards this end, we firstly optimize charging facility sizes to achieve a targeted QoS level. Then, we minimize the integration cost for the PDN by attaining the most cost-effective allocation of the energy storage systems (ESSs) and/or upgrading the PDN substation and feeders.

Additionally, we capture the correlation between the occupation levels of neighboring charging facilities and the blocked PEV user behaviors. We model the EVCI as a queuing network with finite capacity, and utilize the non-stationary queuing models to study the temporal variability of the PEV charging demand.

A network of charging facilities is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework.

Full Article: IEEE Open Journal of Vehicular Technology, Volume 1

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